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To publish information for global distribution, one needs a universally understood language, a kind of publishing mother tongue that all computers may potentially understand. The publishing language used by the World Wide Web is HTML (from HyperText Markup Language). HTML documents are plain-text (also known as ASCII) files that can be created using any text editor (e.g., Emacs or vi on UNIX machines; SimpleText on a Macintosh; Notepad on a Windows machine). It is a non-proprietary format based upon SGML, and can be created and processed by a wide range of tools, from simple plain text editors - you type it in from scratch- to sophisticated WYSIWYG authoring tools. HTML uses tags such as <h1> and </h1> to structure text into headings, paragraphs, lists, hypertext links etc.

HTML gives authors the means to:
Publish online documents with headings, text, tables, lists, photos, etc.
Retrieve online information via hypertext links, at the click of a button.
Design forms for conducting transactions with remote services, for use in searching for information, making reservations, ordering products, etc.
Include spread-sheets, video clips, sound clips, and other applications directly in their documents.

HTML Documentation
HTML 4.01 Specification

Getting started with HTML, advanced features, Adding a touch of style:

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
These guidelines explain how to make Web content accessible to people with disabilities.

HTML Validation Service
A free service that checks documents like HTML and XHTML for conformance to W3C Recommendations and other standards.

A stand-alone tool for checking and pretty-printing HTML that is in many cases able to fix up mark-up errors, and also offers a means to convert existing HTML content into well-formed XML, for delivery as XHTML.

NCSA - A Beginner's Guide to HTML

HTML Tag Reference
Lists all the HTML tags and attributes supported in Netscape Navigator 4.0 and earlier.

HTML Element Support Cross Reference
This Technote gives a summary of the support for the Elements in HTML 4.0 across Netscape Navigator 4.x, Netscape 6, Internet Explorer 3.x-5.x, HTML 3.2 and HTML 4.0.

XHTML 1.0 specification


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